Local Tourism

Agra Fort

Agra Fort

About Agra Fort

Agra Fort, also known as the Red Fort of Agra, is a historic fortress located in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the most prominent and well-preserved forts in the country and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort is situated about 2.5 kilometers northwest of the famous Taj Mahal, another iconic monument in Agra.

Here are some key facts and features of Agra Fort:


The construction of Agra Fort began in 1565 by Emperor Akbar, the third Mughal emperor of India, and it was completed by his successors, Jahangir and Shah Jahan.

Agra Fort Architecture

The fort is an excellent example of Mughal architecture, blending Islamic, Persian, and Indian styles. It is made of red sandstone, which gives it a distinctive red hue.


The fort complex is spread over an area of about 94 acres and is enclosed by massive walls, which are about 2.5 kilometers in circumference. The fort has several gates, with the Amar Singh Gate being the main entrance.


Within the fort, you can find a series of palaces, courtyards, gardens, and structures of historical significance. Some of the notable buildings inside the Agra Fort include Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), Sheesh Mahal (Palace of Mirrors), Jahangiri Mahal, Khas Mahal, and Musamman Burj.

Agra Fort History

Agra Fort played a crucial role in the history of the Mughal Empire. It served as the primary residence of the emperors until the capital was shifted to Delhi during the reign of Shah Jahan. It was also the site of several significant events, including the imprisonment of Shah Jahan by his son Aurangzeb.

Shah Jahan’s Imprisonment

Shah Jahan, the builder of the Taj Mahal, spent the last years of his life as a prisoner in Agra Fort. It is said that he was confined to the Musamman Burj, a marble tower within the fort, from where he could see the Taj Mahal in the distance.

Agra Fort Nearby Attractions

Agra Fort is a popular tourist destination and attracts visitors from all over the world. Its historical significance, architectural marvels, and association with the Taj Mahal make it an essential part of the Agra tourism circuit.

If you plan to visit Agra, exploring the Agra Fort is a must to get a deeper insight into India’s rich Mughal history and architecture.

Things to do in Agra Fort

Agra Fort is a captivating historical site with a rich Mughal heritage. There are several exciting things to do and explore within the fort complex. Here are some activities and points of interest you can enjoy while visiting Agra Fort:

1. Explore the Diwan-i-Aam

This is the Hall of Public Audience where the Mughal emperors would address the general public and meet their subjects. It is an impressive structure with intricately carved columns and a raised platform where the emperor’s throne used to be placed.

2. Visit the Diwan-i-Khas

The Hall of Private Audience was a place reserved for special meetings and discussions with important dignitaries. It is known for its beautiful marble work and the famous Peacock Throne, which was once housed here.

3. Admire the Sheesh Mahal

This “Palace of Mirrors” is renowned for its breathtaking mirror work on the walls and ceilings. The reflections created a stunning visual effect, giving it a magical ambiance during the Mughal era.

4. Discover the Jahangiri Mahal

This is one of the oldest surviving structures within the Agra Fort. It was built for Jahangir, the son of Emperor Akbar, and served as his primary residence during his visits to Agra.

5. Explore the Khas Mahal

This is a private palace that used to be the residence of the Mughal emperors. It features elegant marble pavilions, intricate carvings, and beautiful gardens.

6. Visit Musamman Burj

This is a marble tower within the Agra Fort where Emperor Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb. It offers a fantastic view of the Taj Mahal from a distance.

7. Enjoy the Gardens

Agra Fort has several well-maintained gardens where you can take a leisurely stroll and enjoy the beautiful landscaping.

8. Learn about History

The fort has a rich historical significance, and there are various information boards and guides available to learn about the stories and events that unfolded within its walls.

9. Capture Photographs

Agra Fort provides numerous excellent photo opportunities with its grand architecture, stunning views, and intricate details.

10. Experience the Sound and Light Show

In the evening, the fort hosts a mesmerizing Sound and Light Show that narrates the history and legends associated with Agra Fort and the Mughal Empire. It is an engaging way to learn about its past.

Remember to wear comfortable footwear and stay hydrated, especially if you plan to spend a considerable amount of time exploring the vast complex of Agra Fort. It’s best to visit early in the day or later in the afternoon to avoid the peak heat hours and the crowds.


Taj Mahal and Agra Fort Tour Packages

FAQs on Agra Fort

What is Agra Fort?

Agra Fort is a historic fortress located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the most important and well-preserved forts in the country, built during the Mughal era.

When was Agra Fort built?

Construction of Agra Fort began in 1565 during the reign of Emperor Akbar and was completed by his successors, Jahangir and Shah Jahan.

How far is Agra Fort from the Taj Mahal?

Agra Fort is situated about 2.5 kilometers northwest of the Taj Mahal, another iconic monument in Agra.

Is Agra Fort a UNESCO World Heritage Site?

Yes, Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was inscribed on the list in 1983 as part of the Agra Fort and Taj Mahal World Heritage Site.

What are the opening hours of Agra Fort?

Agra Fort is generally open for visitors from sunrise to sunset. The exact opening and closing times may vary, so it’s best to check with local authorities or official websites for up-to-date information.

Is there an entry fee to visit Agra Fort?

Yes, there is an entry fee for both Indian and foreign visitors. The fee may vary for domestic and international tourists, as well as for students and children. Additional fees may apply for photography and videography.

What are the major attractions within Agra Fort?

Some of the major attractions within Agra Fort include Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Sheesh Mahal, Jahangiri Mahal, Khas Mahal, Musamman Burj, and various gardens.

Can I hire a guide at Agra Fort?

Yes, guides are available at Agra Fort to provide you with detailed information about its history, architecture, and notable features. Hiring a guide can enhance your experience and understanding of the site.

How much time do I need to explore Agra Fort?

The time required to explore Agra Fort depends on your interest and pace. Generally, visitors spend around 2 to 3 hours exploring the various buildings and attractions within the fort complex.

Is Agra Fort accessible for people with mobility issues?

Agra Fort has some uneven surfaces and steps, which may make it challenging for individuals with mobility issues. However, efforts have been made to provide limited accessibility to certain areas of the fort. It’s advisable to check with the authorities beforehand for specific accessibility information.