Local Tourism

Ajanta Caves

Ajanta Caves

About Ajanta Caves

What do Ajanta Caves, Roman cathedrals, Sleeping Buddha of Thailand and the  UK's coat of arms have in common?

Ajanta Caves is a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is a complex of Buddhist cave temples dating back to the 2nd century BCE. The caves are renowned for their stunning rock-cut architecture and exquisite ancient paintings, making them an essential historical and cultural attraction in India.

Key points about Ajanta Caves:

History and Origin

The caves were carved into the horseshoe-shaped cliffs of the Waghora River valley, located near the modern-day village of Ajinṭhā in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. The construction of the caves started around the 2nd century BCE and continued over several centuries, with the latest ones being created around the 7th century CE.

Buddhist Connection

The Ajanta Caves hold significant religious importance for Buddhists as they serve as monastic retreats and prayer halls. They were created by Buddhist monks who sought solitude and engaged in meditation and religious activities in these tranquil environments.


The caves are an outstanding example of ancient Indian rock-cut architecture. The architects skillfully carved the rock to create temples, prayer halls, monasteries, and living quarters, all adorned with intricate sculptures and reliefs.


One of the main attractions of the Ajanta Caves is the extensive and well-preserved collection of ancient paintings that adorn the cave walls. These paintings depict various Jataka tales (stories of the previous births of the Buddha), scenes from the life of Gautama Buddha, and other religious and secular themes. The vibrant colors and detailed artwork make these paintings a significant cultural treasure.


Ajanta Caves were lost to the world for several centuries, and it wasn’t until 1819 that they were rediscovered by a British officer named John Smith, who was on a hunting expedition in the region.

UNESCO World Heritage Site

In recognition of their historical and cultural significance, the Ajanta Caves were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.


The caves are accessible to visitors, and several of them have been made open to the public for exploration and viewing.

Due to their delicate nature, there have been conservation efforts to preserve the cave’s artwork and prevent further deterioration. If you plan to visit the Ajanta Caves, it’s essential to be mindful of the rules and guidelines in place to protect these ancient treasures for future generations to enjoy.

Things to do in Ajanta Caves

Here are some of the things you can do and explore when visiting Ajanta Caves:

1. Explore the Cave Complex

The Ajanta Caves consist of 30 rock-cut caves, each containing intricately carved statues, sculptures, and ancient paintings. Spend time exploring each cave to marvel at the exquisite craftsmanship and historical significance.

2. Admire the Cave Paintings

The caves are renowned for their exquisite frescoes, depicting various scenes from Buddha’s life, Jataka tales, and other Buddhist legends. These paintings showcase remarkable artistic skills and have retained their brilliance over centuries.

3. Photography

The caves provide excellent opportunities for photography. Capture the intricate carvings, vibrant frescoes, and the surrounding natural beauty to preserve your memories of this ancient wonder.

4. Visit Cave 26

Cave 26 is one of the highlights of Ajanta Caves. It houses a stupa, a symbol of Buddha, which is surrounded by beautiful sculptures and murals.

5. Enjoy the Scenic Surroundings

The caves are located amidst picturesque surroundings with lush greenery and a serene atmosphere. Take some time to appreciate the natural beauty of the region.

6. Attend the Sound and Light Show

Some evenings, Ajanta Caves hosts a sound and light show that narrates the history and legends associated with the caves. It’s an engaging way to learn more about the site’s historical significance.

7. Learn about Buddhism

Ajanta Caves provide an opportunity to learn about Buddhism and its cultural impact in ancient India. Guided tours are available, and knowledgeable guides can explain the religious and historical aspects of the caves.

8. Walk along the Waghora River

The Waghora River flows beside the caves, and taking a stroll along its banks can be a peaceful and refreshing experience.

9. Buy Souvenirs

There are small shops near the entrance where you can purchase handicrafts, souvenirs, and local products.

10. Visit the Ajanta Caves Information Center

Before exploring the caves, visit the information center to gather insights about the site’s history, architecture, and preservation efforts.

Remember to wear comfortable footwear and carry enough water during your visit. Additionally, be mindful of the rules and regulations to preserve the caves for future generations. Enjoy your time at Ajanta Caves and soak in the rich cultural heritage of this incredible site!

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FAQs on Ajanta Caves

What are the Ajanta Caves?

The Ajanta Caves are a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Maharashtra, India. They are a series of 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave temples, dating back to the 2nd century BCE to the 5th century CE. The caves are renowned for their intricate architecture, exquisite sculptures, and ancient frescoes.

Where are the Ajanta Caves located?

The Ajanta Caves are situated in the state of Maharashtra, India. They are approximately 100 kilometers from the city of Aurangabad and can be reached by road or rail.

Who built the Ajanta Caves?

The exact identities of the artisans and craftsmen who built the Ajanta Caves are unknown. Historians believe that various dynasties, including the Satavahanas, Vakatakas, and Chalukyas, sponsored the construction of these caves.

Why were the Ajanta Caves built?

The Ajanta Caves served as a monastic complex for Buddhist monks. They were used as prayer halls, living quarters, and places for meditation and religious activities. The caves also served as a significant center for Buddhist art and culture during ancient times.

What is the architectural style of the Ajanta Caves?

The caves are carved into a horseshoe-shaped cliff and follow the Hinayana and Mahayana Buddhist architectural styles. They feature elaborate facades, intricately carved pillars, beautiful sculptures, and detailed paintings on the walls and ceilings.

How many caves are there at Ajanta?

There are a total of 30 caves at Ajanta, numbered from Cave 1 to Cave 30. These caves are divided into two categories: the Chaitya Grihas (stupa halls) used for congregational worship and the Viharas (monasteries) used for residential purposes.

Are the Ajanta Caves only Buddhist?

Yes, the Ajanta Caves are primarily Buddhist in nature. They represent one of the most significant sites for Buddhist art and architecture in India.

Are the Ajanta Caves open to the public?

Yes, the Ajanta Caves are open to the public and can be visited throughout the year. However, visitors are required to follow the guidelines set by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) for the conservation and preservation of the caves.

Are photography and videography allowed inside the caves?

Photography and videography are allowed in the caves, but the use of flash is generally prohibited to protect the ancient paintings and sculptures.

What is the best time to visit the Ajanta Caves?

The best time to visit the Ajanta Caves is during the winter months, from November to February, when the weather is pleasant and cool. Avoid visiting during the monsoon season (June to September) as heavy rainfall can lead to the closure of the caves due to safety concerns.

Is there an entry fee for visiting the Ajanta Caves?

Yes, there is an entry fee for visiting the Ajanta Caves. The fee structure varies for Indian and foreign tourists, and additional charges may apply for photography and videography.

Are there any accommodations near the Ajanta Caves?

Yes, there are hotels and guesthouses available in the nearby city of Aurangabad, which is the main base for tourists visiting the Ajanta Caves. Visitors can find various accommodation options suitable for different budgets.