The Babri Masjid, located in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India, was a 16th-century mosque that became a center of religious and political controversy. It was built in 1528 by Mughal Emperor Babur’s general, Mir Baqi, on a site believed by Hindus to be the birthplace of Lord Ram, a significant figure in Hinduism.
1. The controversy about Babri Masjid:
The controversy surrounding the Babri Masjid dates back several centuries, but it escalated in the late 20th century. Hindus claimed that the mosque was built after demolishing a pre-existing Hindu temple marking the birthplace of Lord Ram. This led to tensions between Hindu and Muslim communities. In 1992, the situation reached a boiling point when a large mob of Hindu activists demolished the Babri Masjid, sparking nationwide riots and communal violence between Hindus and Muslims. The event had profound implications for Indian politics and society, leading to significant political upheaval and changes in government.
2. Legal Battles about Babri Masjid:
On December 6, 1992, a large mob of Hindu activists and political leaders gathered at the site and demolished the Babri Masjid, sparking nationwide riots between Hindus and Muslims that resulted in significant loss of life and property. The demolition of the mosque led to widespread condemnation both within India and internationally and heightened communal tensions across the country. In the aftermath of the demolition, legal battles ensued over the ownership of the site. The case eventually reached the Indian Supreme Court, which in November 2019, after decades of litigation, ruled in favor of allowing the construction of a Hindu temple at the disputed site while also granting an alternative piece of land for the construction of a mosque to the Muslim community.
3. Some More Information about Babri Masjid:
The Babri Masjid, located in Ayodhya, India, was a 16th-century mosque that became the center of a contentious religious and political dispute. Constructed in 1528, it stood for centuries until its demolition on December 6, 1992, by Hindu extremists who claimed it was built on the birthplace of the Hindu deity Lord Ram. The destruction sparked widespread communal violence across India, leading to a protracted legal battle over the site’s ownership and use. The dispute ultimately culminated in a landmark Supreme Court verdict in November 2019, which awarded the land to Hindu litigants for the construction of a Ram temple while also mandating an alternate plot for the construction of a new mosque.