Local Tourism

Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

The Victoria Memorial is a magnificent marble structure located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It is one of the most iconic landmarks in the city and a popular tourist attraction. Here’s some information about the Victoria Memorial:

Victoria Memorial History

The Victoria Memorial was built in memory of Queen Victoria, the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. The foundation stone was laid in 1906, and the memorial was completed in 1921.


The memorial was designed by Sir William Emerson, a renowned British architect. It is a blend of Indo-Saracenic and British architectural styles. The structure is made of white Makrana marble, which was used extensively in its construction. It features grand domes, tall columns, sculptural decorations, and beautiful gardens surrounding the memorial.


The Victoria Memorial houses a museum that showcases a vast collection of artifacts from the British colonial era in India. The museum exhibits include paintings, sculptures, historical documents, weapons, textiles, and other memorabilia. The galleries provide insights into the rich history and cultural heritage of India during the British Raj.

Gardens and Surroundings

The memorial is set amidst sprawling gardens and a water body known as the Victoria Memorial Hall Gardens. The well-maintained gardens are adorned with lush greenery, colorful flowers, and pathways for visitors to enjoy a leisurely stroll.

Illumination and Light & Sound Show

In the evenings, the Victoria Memorial is beautifully illuminated, enhancing its grandeur. Additionally, a popular Light & Sound Show takes place on the memorial premises, which narrates the history and significance of the monument in an engaging manner.

Visitor Amenities

The Victoria Memorial complex includes facilities such as a cafeteria, souvenir shops, and a library. It also hosts cultural events, exhibitions, and educational programs to promote art, history, and culture.

The Victoria Memorial is not only a tribute to Queen Victoria but also serves as a symbol of Kolkata’s architectural splendor and historical legacy. It stands as a prominent reminder of the city’s colonial past and continues to be a significant cultural and educational center.

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Victoria Memorial ticket price: INR 30/- for all and INR 20/- for Garden

Victoria Memorial timings:

For Gallery: All days 11 am – 6 pm except Monday

For Garden: All days 5.30 am – 6.15 pm

Things to do at Victoria Memorial

Here are some things you can do when visiting the Victoria Memorial:

1. Explore the Museum

The Victoria Memorial houses a museum that showcases a vast collection of artifacts from the British era in India. Explore the galleries to learn about the history, art, and culture of that period. The museum displays paintings, sculptures, historical documents, photographs, and other fascinating exhibits.

2. Admire the Architecture

The Victoria Memorial is renowned for its stunning architecture, blending elements of British and Mughal styles. Take the time to appreciate the grandeur of the monument, with its white marble façade, towering dome, and beautiful gardens.

3. Walk through the Gardens

The Victoria Memorial is surrounded by sprawling gardens that offer a serene and picturesque setting. Take a leisurely stroll through the well-maintained lawns, flowerbeds, and water bodies. You can relax on the benches, enjoy a picnic, or simply soak in the tranquility of the surroundings.

4. Attend Light and Sound Show

In the evenings, the Victoria Memorial hosts a captivating light and sound show that narrates the history of Kolkata and the British Raj. The show combines visual effects, music, and storytelling to create an immersive experience. Check the show timings and enjoy this unique spectacle.

5. Visit the Royal Gallery

The Royal Gallery inside the Victoria Memorial displays portraits, sculptures, and personal belongings of Queen Victoria and other British royalty. It provides insights into the life and reign of Queen Victoria and the royal connections with India.

6. Capture Photographs

The Victoria Memorial offers numerous photo opportunities. Capture the majestic exterior, the lush gardens, and the ornate interiors. The monument is particularly enchanting during sunrise and sunset when the light bathes the white marble in a warm glow.

7. Attend Cultural Events

The Victoria Memorial often hosts cultural events, such as concerts, exhibitions, and festivals. Keep an eye out for any ongoing events or performances during your visit. These events offer a chance to experience the vibrant cultural scene of Kolkata.

8. Visit the Souvenir Shop

The Victoria Memorial has a souvenir shop where you can find a range of items related to the monument and Kolkata. Browse through the collection of books, postcards, handicrafts, and memorabilia to take home as mementos of your visit.

Remember to check the visiting hours and any specific guidelines or restrictions in place before planning your visit to the Victoria Memorial.

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FAQs on Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

When was the Victoria Memorial built?

The construction of the Victoria Memorial began in 1906 and was completed in 1921. It was officially opened to the public in 1924.

Who commissioned the construction of the Victoria Memorial?

The Victoria Memorial was commissioned by Lord Curzon, who served as the Viceroy of India from 1899 to 1905.

What is the architectural style of the Victoria Memorial?

The architectural style of the Victoria Memorial is Indo-Saracenic Revival, which incorporates elements of British, Mughal, and Venetian architectural styles.

What is the Victoria Memorial made of?

The Victoria Memorial is primarily made of white Makrana marble, which was sourced from the same quarry as the marble used for the Taj Mahal in Agra.

What is housed inside the Victoria Memorial?

The Victoria Memorial houses a museum that showcases a vast collection of artifacts and exhibits related to the history and art of Kolkata and the British Raj era. It includes paintings, sculptures, manuscripts, historical photographs, and other items of historical significance.

Are visitors allowed inside the Victoria Memorial?

Yes, visitors are allowed inside the Victoria Memorial. The museum and galleries are open for public viewing, offering insights into the history and cultural heritage of Kolkata.

Are photography and videography allowed inside the Victoria Memorial?

Yes, photography and videography are generally allowed inside the Victoria Memorial. However, there may be restrictions on using flash or tripods in certain areas.

Are there any specific visiting hours for the Victoria Memorial?

The Victoria Memorial is open to visitors from 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM, except on Mondays and national holidays. It is advisable to check the official website or contact the memorial for any updates on visiting hours.