Local Tourism

Bandel Church

Bandel Church

Bandel Church

Bandel Church, also known as Basilica of the Holy Rosary, is a prominent Christian pilgrimage site located in the town of Bandel, near Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), West Bengal, India. It is one of the oldest Christian churches in West Bengal and holds historical significance.

Here are some key details about Bandel Church:


The original church was built in 1599 by the Portuguese, making it one of the oldest Christian churches in Bengal. It was dedicated to Nossa Senhora do Rosário, meaning “Our Lady of the Rosary.” The church was reconstructed multiple times due to damage caused by natural disasters and fires.


Bandel Church is a fine example of Portuguese architecture. The facade of the church features beautiful carvings and sculptures, with a distinct blend of European and Indian artistic styles. The interior has a high ceiling, marble altar, and a number of statues and religious paintings.

Basilica Status

In 1988, the church was granted the status of a minor basilica by Pope John Paul II, becoming the first basilica in West Bengal. This recognition has added to its importance and attracts a large number of visitors.

Pilgrimage Site

Bandel Church is a significant pilgrimage site for Christians, particularly Catholics, who visit to pay homage to the Virgin Mary. The church hosts various religious events and processions, with the Feast of the Holy Rosary being the most important celebration held annually in October.

Shrine and Museum

Within the church premises, there is a shrine dedicated to Our Lady of Bandel, where devotees light candles and offer prayers. Adjacent to the church is the Bandel Church Museum, which houses artifacts, religious relics, and historical documents related to the church’s history.

Bandel Church is not only a religious site but also a place of historical and architectural significance. Its serene ambiance, rich history, and beautiful architecture make it a noteworthy attraction for visitors interested in exploring the cultural and religious heritage of Kolkata and its surrounding regions.

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Information about Bandel Church

Location: Sahaganj, Chinsurah, West Bengal 712104

Timing: Everyday (8 am to 5 pm)

Entry Fee: No Entry Fee

Things to do at Bandel Church

Here are some things you can do at Bandel Church:

  • Explore the Basilica: Take a leisurely stroll through the Basilica and admire its architectural beauty. The church is a blend of Portuguese and Indo-Gothic styles and features intricate designs and sculptures.

  • Attend Mass: If you’re interested in experiencing a religious service, attend a Mass at Bandel Church. It’s a serene and peaceful environment for prayer and contemplation.

  • Visit the Museum: Bandel Church has a museum on its premises, which displays various artifacts and relics related to the history of the church. The museum provides insights into the church’s past and its cultural significance.

  • Light Candles: Lighting candles is a popular practice at Bandel Church. You can purchase candles from the church and light them as a symbol of your prayers or intentions.

  • Climb the Bell Tower: Bandel Church has a bell tower that offers a panoramic view of the surrounding area. Climb up the tower to enjoy the breathtaking view and take some memorable photographs.

  • Explore the Grounds: The church has well-maintained gardens and pathways surrounding it. Take a leisurely walk around the grounds, enjoy the peaceful ambiance, and appreciate the lush greenery.

  • Attend Festivals: Bandel Church celebrates various festivals throughout the year. If you visit during these festive times, you can witness colorful processions, music, and cultural performances that add to the vibrant atmosphere.

  • Visit the Grotto: The church has a grotto dedicated to Our Lady of Lourdes, a popular pilgrimage site for Catholics. Spend some time in prayer or meditation in this serene space.

  • Try Local Delicacies: There are several food stalls and small eateries near Bandel Church where you can try local delicacies. Don’t miss out on tasting popular Bengali sweets like rasgulla and sandesh.

  • Explore Bandel Town: After visiting the church, take some time to explore the charming town of Bandel. You can visit other historical landmarks, markets, and local shops that offer traditional handicrafts and souvenirs.

Remember to check the visiting hours and any guidelines or restrictions before you plan your visit to Bandel Church. Enjoy your time exploring this significant religious and historical site!

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FAQs on Bandel Church

Where is Bandel Church located?

Bandel Church, officially known as the Basilica of the Holy Rosary, is located in the town of Bandel, West Bengal, India. It is situated about 40 kilometers north of Kolkata, the capital city of West Bengal.

What is the significance of Bandel Church?

Bandel Church is one of the oldest Christian churches in West Bengal and has significant historical and religious importance. It was founded in 1599 by the Portuguese and is dedicated to Nossa Senhora do Rosário, Our Lady of the Rosary. The church is a popular pilgrimage site for Christians and is renowned for its beautiful architecture and religious relics.

Can you tell me about the history of Bandel Church?

Bandel Church has a rich history. It was established by the Portuguese in 1599 after they defeated the Mughal army led by Man Singh. The church was initially built as a small chapel, and later, in the 1660s, it was reconstructed in a larger form due to the increasing number of Christian converts. Over the years, the church has undergone several renovations and additions, resulting in its current architectural blend of Portuguese, Dutch, and Indo-Islamic influences.

What is the architectural style of Bandel Church?

Bandel Church exhibits a unique architectural style that combines elements of Portuguese, Dutch, and Indo-Islamic influences. The main structure is designed in a mixture of Gothic and Baroque styles, with terracotta tiles and a façade adorned with reliefs and sculptures. The church also features an octagonal tower and a distinctive blend of European and Indian architectural elements.

Is Bandel Church a basilica?

Yes, Bandel Church is officially recognized as a basilica. It was granted the status of a minor basilica by Pope Paul VI in 1961, in recognition of its religious significance and historical importance. As a basilica, it holds a special place in the Catholic Church and attracts a large number of pilgrims and tourists.

What are some notable features inside Bandel Church?

Inside Bandel Church, you can find several notable features. The main altar is adorned with beautiful statues and intricate carvings. The church houses a revered statue of Mary and the Child Jesus, known as Our Lady of Happy Voyage, which is believed to have miraculous powers. There are also various religious artifacts, relics, and paintings depicting scenes from the Bible.

Are there any festivals or events celebrated at Bandel Church?

Yes, Bandel Church celebrates several festivals and events throughout the year. The most prominent celebration is the Feast of the Holy Rosary, held on the first Sunday of October. It is a grand religious event attended by thousands of devotees, featuring processions, prayers, and cultural programs. Other important celebrations include Christmas, Easter, and the Feast of Our Lady of Happy Voyage.

Can visitors enter Bandel Church? Is there an entry fee?

Yes, visitors are allowed to enter Bandel Church. There is no entry fee, and the church is open to people of all faiths. However, it is advised to maintain decorum and respect the religious nature of the place while visiting.

Are there any other attractions near Bandel Church?

Yes, there are a few attractions near Bandel Church that you may find interesting. The Hooghly Imambara, a historic Muslim shrine, is located nearby. Additionally, the Hooghly River and the picturesque Ghats (riverfront steps) are popular spots for visitors. You can also explore the nearby towns of Chandannagar and Chinsurah, which have a rich colonial history and architectural heritage.

How can I reach Bandel Church?

Bandel Church is easily accessible by various modes of transportation. If you are in Kolkata, you can take a train or a local bus from Howrah Station to reach Bandel. The journey takes around 1 to 1.5 hours by train and slightly longer by bus, depending on the traffic conditions. Private taxis and auto-rickshaws are also available for hire.